United States – Florida

Employment

There is no official form of employment contract – it can be orally or written.

Payroll

Salaries are paid bi-weekly or monthly.

HR & Labor

Working Hours: Full time employment is considered 40 hours per week. Employees under the age of 18 must receive a 30 minutes break during their work day.
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Minimum Working Age: Employees can be minimum 14 years old to be employed with restrictions for minors under the age of 18.

Immigration

In order to work legally in the United States of America, an employee must be a citizen of the US, have a permanent resident status (Green Card), H-1B visa or L-1 visa.

Minimum Wage

Minimum wage is $8.10 per hour.

Pension Fund

The government contributes 70.32% of employee’s wages towards their pension.

Employee contributes 29.68% of the regular wages. Contribution limit of $18,000.

Severance Payments

The employer is not required to pay severance payments to the employee.

Advance Notice

There is no official advance notice period, but the general practice is 2 weeks.

Termination Procedure

Florida follows “employment at will” doctrine which means both the employee and employer are allowed to terminate the employment at any given time without a reason Therefore at the time of termination, the employer much pay all the necessary wages up to the day of termination.

Vacation Days

The state law does not require official vacation time to be given to the employees. It depends on the agreement with the employer.

Sick Days

No official law requires the employer to give employees sick days. Depends on the prior agreement upon start of employment.

Public Holidays

There are 11 public holidays in Florida, public offices are officially closed however private companies are not required by law to give those days off to their employees.

Expat Benefits

There are no official expat benefits. However different companies can offer special benefits for the expats working for them. Benefits differ from one company to another.

Additional Employee Withholdings

Federal:
1. Medicare - 1.45%
2. Social Security - 6.2%
3. Unemployment Tax - 6.0% and maximum taxable earnings are $7,000
State:
1. Unemployment Insurance - 2.7% with maximum taxable earnings of $7,000

Federal:
1. Medicare - 1.45% (additional 0.9% contribution for employees earning less than $200,000)
2. Social Security - 6.2% with salary ceiling of $118,500
3. Unemployment Tax - 0%
State:
1. Unemployment Insurance - Voluntary contributions not permitted.

Social Security

As of 2011, after the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Re-authorization and Job Creation Act of 2010, the Social Security tax rate is 4.2 percent of an employee's wages.
In addition, there is a limit to the amount of wages that are subject to Social Security taxes. In 2016, the taxable wage base is be $118,500

VAT / State Sales Tax

State sales tax is 6%.