Turkey

Employment

Employment contracts are called “service contracts”. If the employee will be employed for over a year, the contract must be written. The probation period should not exceed 2 months.

Payroll

Salaries are paid on monthly basis. There is no regulated payday, they are decided between the employer and employee.

HR & Labor

Working Hours: There are no official regulations on the hours for full time employment. On average employees work 45 hours per week.
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Minimum Working Age: Employees are allowed to work at the age of 14.

Immigration

Employees working in Turkey must apply for a work permit prior to entering the country at their local consulates or embassies.
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The permits are given for one year time period and can be extended up to 8 years, after which the employee will receive a permanent work permit.

Minimum Wage

Minimum wage is 424EUR per month.

Pension Fund

Employers contribute 11% of the employee's’ wages.

The employee contributes 9% of their wages.

Severance Payments

The severance pay amount is calculated by employees average monthly salary multiplied by number of the years the employee has been in the company.

Advance Notice

The length of the notice varies from company to company. On average employers require one month notice.

Termination Procedure

The employer must provide two weeks notice to the employees who have been working less than 6 months. If they have been working between six to eighteen months, the employer must provide four weeks’ notice. Between eighteen months up to three years, the employer must provide six weeks’ notice. From three years and on, the employer must provide eight weeks’ notice.

Sick Days

Employees are entitled to 6 weeks of sick leave.

Vacation Days

Employees are entitled to two weeks of vacation per year.

Public Holidays

There are 14.5 public holidays per year.

Additional Employee Withholdings

1) Unemployment Benefits
2) Health Insurance

1) Employer contributes 2%
2) Employer contributes 7.5%

1) Employee contributes 1%
2) Employee contributes 9%

VAT

VAT is 18% standard rate.