Thailand

Employment

The employment agreements can be either written or orally. Both parties must agree on the working terms and conditions.

Payroll

Salaries are paid either on weekly, bi-weekly or monthly basis. Paydays are decided internally between the employee and employer, but are most commonly paid at the end of the month.

HR & Labor

Working Hours: Full time employment is considered 48 hours a week and 8 hours a day. The employee is entitled to a break from 30 minutes to an hour. Overtime hours are compensated by 150% of regular wages.
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Minimum Working Age: Minimum working age is 15. Employees under the age of 18 must inform the labor inspector about their working conditions.

Immigration

A foreign employee can enter Thailand with a visitors’ visa and apply for a work permit while already in the country. However, the employee must already have a job prior to coming to Thailand. In order to receive a work permit in Thailand, the employee must provide his/her work description and Thai company’s information.

Minimum Wage

The minimum wage is 300 Baht (daily).

Pension Fund

The government contributes 1%.

The employer contributes 1.5% of employees monthly wages.

The employee contributes 1.5% of the his/her monthly wages. The contribution ceiling is THB 15,000.

Public Holidays

August 14: H.M. Queens Birthday
October 13: Anniversary of the Death of King Bhumibol
October 23: Chulaongkorn Day
October 26: Cremation of King Bhumibol
December 05: King Bhumibol's Birthday
December 11: Constitution Day
December 31: New Years Eve

January 01: New Years Day
February 16: Chinese New Year (Regional)
March 01: Makha Bucha Day
April 06: Chakri Day
April 13-17: Songkran Festival (Thai New Year)
May 01: Labour Day
May 29: Visakha Bucha Day
July 27: Asahna Bucha Day
July 30: H.M. Kings Birthday
August 13: H.M. Queens Birthday Holiday
October 15: Anniversary of the Death of King Bhumibol
October 23: Chulalongkorn Day
December 05: King Bhumibol's Birthday
December 10: Constitution Day
December 31: New Years Eve

Severance Payments

If the employee has been in the company for 120 days but less than a year, they receive severance payment of 30 days of regular wages. If they have been employed for a year but less than three years, they will receive the amount for 90 days of regular wages. If they have been in the company for 3 years but less than 6 years, they will receive the payment for 180 days. If for 6 years but less than 10 years, 240 days of the regular wages and if over 10 years, 300 days of regular wages.

Advance Notice

No official notice period.

Termination Procedure

In addition to severance payment, the employer must give the employee 60 days of notice.

Sick Days

Employee is entitled to 30 days of sick leave per year.

Vacation Days

Employees receive 6 vacation days per each year they have worked in the company.

Additional Employee Withholdings

1) Social Security– government contributes 2.75% of the wages with maximum contribution amount of THB 412 per month for each employee.
2) Workmen’s compensation

1) Employer contributes 5% of employee’s wages.
2) 0.2% to 1% depending on the industry’s risk level. The salary ceiling is THB 20,000.

1) Employee contributes 5% of the wages. Salary ceiling for the contributions are THB 15,000 and minimum of THB 1,650.
2) 0%

Social Security

The employee's and the employer's contributions have to match.

Employees contribute 5% of their salary to a limit of 750 THB. In addition, obligated to contribute between 2%-15% to the Social Security Fund.

Employers contribute 5% of the employee's salary to a limit of 750 THB. In addition, obligated to contribute between 2%-15% to the Social Security Fund.

VAT

VAT is 7%