Russia

Updated:

Employment

A written employment contract between the employer and the employee discussing the implied terms of employment.
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Fixed term labor contracts are typically 3-12 months. Probation period standard is 4 months, but can be a maximum of 6.

Payroll

Salaries are paid twice monthly, partial payment is made on the 20th, and the remainder is paid on the 5th of the following month.

HR & Labor

Working Hours: Full time employment is considered 40 hours per week. Employees working overtime must be compensated 150% of their regular wages for the first two hours and 200% of the regular wages afterwards.
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Overtime hours cannot exceed 120 hours per year. Employees are entitled to a break of no less than 30 minutes and no more than 2 hours per working day. Minimum Working Age: Employees under the age of 18 must have an employment contract with special labor conditions agreed with the employer.

Immigration

In order to be employed in Russia, a local company must provide the employee with an offer and prove that the job cannot be performed by a Russian, after which the employee can apply for work permit. The permit must be obtained prior to entering Russian Federation.

Minimum Wage

Minimum wage is RUB 11,163 monthly, however may vary across regions.

Pension Fund

Employers contribute 22% of the employee wages not exceeding RUB 711,000 and additional 10% for any amount above it.

Severance Payments

If an employee is terminated due to redundancy, they are entitled to severance pay of one month of average wages. For all the other reasons, they are entitled to severance pay of two weeks of average wages. Payment is in addition to notice.

Advance Notice

During the probation period, employees must provide 3 days of notice. Following that period, employees must provide a two weeks written notice.

Termination Procedure

Employer must provide the employee with two months of written notice. In the case that termination is without just cause an agreement with the employee should be made - most commonly, the agreement reached is 30 days.

Sick Days

Russian labor law is designed to protect employees making it very challenging to dismiss workers. Mutual agreement procedure is the best way to address dismissal initiated by the employer. This usually includes employee compensation of up to three months salary.

Vacation Days

Employees are entitled to 28 days of vacation (21 work days) per year. Vacation days must be taken in a particular way - At least 14 days must be taken in a row, and the remaining 14 days may be taken at the employees discretion. During vacation periods employees do not receive their normal salary, they receive an average of their salary in the last 12 months (including bonuses) - this is also true for business trips.

Maternity Leave

Female employees are entitled to 70 calendar leave days (84 in the event of multiply pregnancy)
*In the event of an abnormal birth mothers receive 86 days leave, and for the birth of two or more children 110 days.
** Social payments are provided in the amount specified by the law.

Paternity Leave

Fathers are entitled to up to three days of unpaid vacation for the birth of a child.

Parental Leave

Either parents can take parental leave from the time their child is born until their third birthday. This leave is provided by employee application submitted any time within the first three years of their child's life.

he leave period is split into two: 0 – 1,5 years and 1,5 – 3 years. During the former a monthly allowance in amount of max. 23 120 RUR is paid (actual figure is calculated in accordance with the average salary), while during the latter an employee is entitled to only 50 RUR per month.

Public Holidays

There are 13 official holidays.

January 1: New Years Day
January 2-5: Bridge
January 8: Orthodox Christmas
February 22-23: Defense of the Fatherland
March 8-9: Woman's day
April 30: Labor Day
May 1-2: Labor Day
May 9: Victory Day
June 11-12: National Day
November 4-5: Unity Day
December 31: New Years

Expat Benefits

Expats working in Russia are entitled to sick leaves covered by the Social Insurance Fund, given that the employer has been contributing to the fund for minimum of six months prior to the illness.

Annual Social Contributions Calculation

All social contributions together are calculated on an annual level, and are as follows:
* O-815,000 RUB 30.2%
* 815,000- 1,021,000 RUB: 27.3%
* 1,021,000 - 3,734,680 RUB: 15.30%

** The limits are annual reviewed, these are updated for 2018