HR & Labor
Minimum wage is RUB 11,163 monthly, however may vary across regions.
Employers contribute 22% of the employee wages not exceeding RUB 711,000 and additional 10% for any amount above it.
If an employee is terminated due to redundancy, they are entitled to severance pay of one month of average wages. For all the other reasons, they are entitled to severance pay of two weeks of average wages. Payment is in addition to notice.
During the probation period, employees must provide 3 days of notice. Following that period, employees must provide a two weeks written notice.
Employer must provide the employee with two months of written notice. In the case that termination is without just cause an agreement with the employee should be made - most commonly, the agreement reached is 30 days.
Russian labor law is designed to protect employees making it very challenging to dismiss workers. Mutual agreement procedure is the best way to address dismissal initiated by the employer. This usually includes employee compensation of up to three months salary.
Employees are entitled to 28 days of vacation (21 work days) per year. Vacation days must be taken in a particular way - At least 14 days must be taken in a row, and the remaining 14 days may be taken at the employees discretion. During vacation periods employees do not receive their normal salary, they receive an average of their salary in the last 12 months (including bonuses) - this is also true for business trips.
Female employees are entitled to 70 calendar leave days (84 in the event of multiply pregnancy)
*In the event of an abnormal birth mothers receive 86 days leave, and for the birth of two or more children 110 days.
** Social payments are provided in the amount specified by the law.
Fathers are entitled to up to three days of unpaid vacation for the birth of a child.
Either parents can take parental leave from the time their child is born until their third birthday. This leave is provided by employee application submitted any time within the first three years of their child's life.
he leave period is split into two: 0 – 1,5 years and 1,5 – 3 years. During the former a monthly allowance in amount of max. 23 120 RUR is paid (actual figure is calculated in accordance with the average salary), while during the latter an employee is entitled to only 50 RUR per month.
There are 13 official holidays.
January 1: New Years Day
January 2-5: Bridge
January 8: Orthodox Christmas
February 22-23: Defense of the Fatherland
March 8-9: Woman's day
April 30: Labor Day
May 1-2: Labor Day
May 9: Victory Day
June 11-12: National Day
November 4-5: Unity Day
December 31: New Years
Expats working in Russia are entitled to sick leaves covered by the Social Insurance Fund, given that the employer has been contributing to the fund for minimum of six months prior to the illness.
Annual Social Contributions Calculation
All social contributions together are calculated on an annual level, and are as follows:
* O-815,000 RUB 30.2%
* 815,000- 1,021,000 RUB: 27.3%
* 1,021,000 - 3,734,680 RUB: 15.30%
** The limits are annual reviewed, these are updated for 2018