Canada – Quebec

Employment

There are two types of employment contracts in Quebec – fixed term and open ended. They can be either written or agreed orally.
arrow
The most common employment method in Canada is the Revenue Agent Model. This form of employment entails that the company is registered as an employer and the local company are administrators of benefits and payroll.

Payroll

Salaries are paid bi weekly, bi-monthly or monthly. The paydays are decided between the employee and employer.

HR & Labor

Working Hours: Full time employment is considered 40 hours and 8 hours a day. If the work day lasts longer than 8 hours, there must be a written agreement between the employer and employee. Employee receives a break after working 5 consecutive hours. Overtime is paid 1.5 of the regular wages, known as time and half.
arrow
Minimum Working Age: Employees can be as young as 14 years old, however between the ages 14-17 they can’t be employed during school hours.

Immigration

In order to work legally in Quebec, the employer must apply for CAQ (Quebec certificate of acceptance), once this application is accepted then the employee must apply for work permit at the citizenship and immigration office in Canada.

Minimum Wage

The minimum wage is $10.55.

Pension Fund

The employer contributes 5.32%.

The employees contribute 5.32%. The maximum employee contribution is $2,737.

Severance Payments

No official requirements for severance payments.

Advance Notice

Advance notice is one month.

Termination Procedure

If the employee has been in the company for 3 months and less than a year, the notice period is 1 week. If from one year to 5 years, the notice period is 2 weeks. If from 5 years to less than 10 years, it is 4 weeks. From 10 years and over, its 8 weeks. Employees are entitled to a vacation pay for the days they haven’t taken during the termination. It’s 4% or 6% depending on the length of the employment in the company.

Sick Days

An employee is protected for any absence not exceeding 17 weeks.
The employer is not required to continue salary payments while the employee is absent. The Code provides job security only. There is no provision for paid leave of absence. Some employees, however, may be entitled to cash benefits under the Employment Insurance Act (EI).

Public Holidays

There are 8 public holidays.

Vacation Days

If the employee has been in the company for less than a year, they receive one day of paid vacation for every month of consecutive employment with the company. More than one year of employment but less than five years, two weeks of paid vacation. Five years or more, three weeks of paid vacation. Vacation pay is 4% of gross wages, if have been in the company for less than five years and 6% of the gross wages if they have been in the company for five year or more.

Maternity Leave

As there is no provision for paid leave in Canada, the following information pertains to the benefits under the Employment Insurance Act.

Maternity benefits are offered to biological mothers, including surrogate mothers, who cannot work because they are pregnant or have recently given birth. A maximum of 15 weeks of maternity benefits is available. Benefits can be paid as early as 12 weeks before the expected date of birth, and can end as late as 17 weeks after the actual date of birth. The weekly benefit rate is 55% of the claimant’s average weekly insurable earnings up to a maximum amount.
EI parental benefits are offered to parents who are caring for a newborn or newly adopted child or children.

Paternity Leave

See Parental Leave

Parental Leave

Parental benefits are offered to parents who are caring for a newborn or newly adopted child or children.

Standard parental benefits can be paid for a maximum of 35 weeks and must be claimed within a 52 week period (12 months) after the week the child was born or placed for the purpose of adoption. The weekly benefit rate is 55% of the claimant’s average weekly insurable earnings up to a maximum amount. The two parents can share these 35 weeks of standard parental benefits.

Extended parental benefits can be paid for a maximum of 61 weeks and must be claimed within a 78-week period (18 months) after the week the child was born or placed for the purpose of adoption. The benefit rate is 33% of the claimant’s average weekly insurable earnings up to a maximum amount. The two parents can share these 61 weeks of extended parental benefits.

You can choose to claim extended parental benefits only if your child was born or placed with you for the purpose of adoption on or after December 3, 2017.

Additional Employee Withholdings

1) Employment Insurance

2) The employer contributes 2.128%.

3) The employees contribute 1.52%.

VAT

VAT is 15% standard rate.