Overview

Capital
Managua
Currency
Nicaraguan Córdoba (NIO)
Date Format
dd/mm/yyyy

Contributions

Employer

Employer Payroll Contributions

12.5%
Pension and Disability (less than 50 employees)
13.5%
Pension and Disability (more than 50 employees)
6.0%
Health Insurance
1.5%
Labor Healthcare
1.5%
War Victims
up to 22.5% Total Employment Cost
Employee

Employee Payroll Contributions

4.75%
Pension & Disability
2.25%
Health Insurance
7.00% Total Employee Cost

Employee Income Tax

0-100,000 NIO
0%
100,001 NIO - 200,000 NIO
15%
200,001 NIO - 350,000 NIO
20%
350,001 NIO - 500,000 NIO
25%
500,001 NIO +
30%
Employer Taxes
3 HIGHEST
3 LOWEST
Mexico
China
South Korea
Nicaragua
South Africa
Georgia
Macedonia
43.72%
40.92%
34.84%
22.5%
2%
2%
0%
Employee taxes
3 HIGHEST
3 LOWEST
Romania
Macedonia
Netherlands
Nicaragua
Belarus
Ukraine
Cambodia
35%
28%
27.65%
7%
1%
0.6%
0%

Minimum Wage

General

The national minimum wage in Nicaragua is dependent on the employee’s industry. The national minimum wage ranges from 4,414.91 NIO per month for the agriculture, forestry, and fishing industry and 9,880.17 NIO per month for construction, financial institutions, and insurance.

Minimum wage (per month)
$4000
$2663
$2518
$281
$36.80
$17.24
$2.33
Geneva
Luxembourg
Australia
Nicaragua
Angola
Tanzania
Venezuela
3 HIGHEST
3 LOWEST

Payroll

Payroll Cycle

In Nicaragua, the payroll frequency is stipulated in the employment contract. Manual workers are typically paid on a weekly basis, and monthly paid employees on the 15th day of the cycle.

13th Salary

In Nicaragua, 13th-month payments are mandatory, and the employer must pay an additional month’s salary within the first ten days of December.

Working Hours

General

The standard working week in Nicaragua consists of 48 hours per week, 8 hours per day, except in the case of night-time work, which drops to 45 hours per week, 7.5 hours per day.

Overtime

All work above the standard working hours is paid as overtime and regulated by employment contracts/collective agreements. When an employee is requested to work overtime or work on holidays, there is a limit of 9 hours per week.

All overtime hours in excess of 48 hours a week are paid at an overtime compensation rate; 200.00% of the employees’ regular salary.

For work performed on a weekend or holiday, employees are entitled to a 24-hour rest period in lieu.

Leave

Paid Time Off

Employees are entitled to 15 days of paid leave following six months of consecutive employment; after one year of work, an employee is entitled to 30 days of vacation leave. Employees receive 15 days of leave for every six months in service.

Vacation days
Public holidays
3 HIGHEST
3 LOWEST
Spain
Brazil
Tanzania
Nicaragua
Michigan
China
Federal
30
14
44
30
13
43
28
15
43
30
9
39
2
11
13
5
7
12
10
10
Sick Days

Employees are entitled to up to 26 weeks of sick leave, paid at 60% of the regular wages by the Social Security from the 4th day of sickness.

The first three days of sick leave are unpaid (unless the company has established a practice of paying for those days and it is stipulated within the employment contract).

However, if the employee is hospitalised, or it is a work-related illness or injury, the 3-day waiting period/unpaid leave is waived.

Maternity Leave

Maternity leave in Nicaragua is 12 weeks of paid leave; an employee must take four weeks of leave before the birth of the child and eight weeks following the birth.

In the case of multiple births, an employee is entitled to 14 weeks of paid leave, four weeks of leave to be taken before the child’s birth, and ten weeks following the birth.

The Social Security compensates all maternity leave at 60% of the employee’s regular salary and 40% from the employer, resulting in a fully paid maternity leave.

Employees who have contributed to Social Security for a minimum of 16 weeks preceding childbirth receive a maternity leave benefit of 12 weeks at 100.00% of the employee’s average weekly income. If an employee has not contributed to social security, then the compensation falls to the employer.

PAID MATERNITY LEAVE (DAYS)
413
410
365
84
40
30
0
Norway
Bulgaria
Serbia
Nicaragua
Malawi
Tunisia
Federal
3 HIGHEST
3 LOWEST
Paternity Leave

The father/partner is entitled to 5 business days paid Paternity leave after the child’s birth.

Parental Leave

There are no provisions in the law regarding parental leave.

Termination

Termination Process

The termination process varies according to the Employment Agreement and Collective Agreement in place and is based on the type of contract and reason for termination. To dismiss an employee, an employer must request permission from the labor inspection department. Following termination, an employee is entitled to any remaining vacation pay and their annual bonus.

Notice Period

Employees in Nicaragua must provide employers with 15 days’ notice.

 

Severance Pay

Following termination, an employee is entitled to severance pay not less than one month’s salary but cannot exceed five months of wages.

Probation Period

The probation period is 30 days, during which either party can terminate the employment agreement for any reason.

VISA

VISA

Nicaragua’s immigration system provides several options for employers of foreign nationals. Requirements, processing times, employment eligibility, and benefits for accompanying family members vary by permit type.

Visa-exempt nationals (also referred to as Category A nationals) can travel to Nicaragua without an entry visa and stay for a period of up to 90 days, extendable in the country for an additional 90 days at the discretion of immigration authorities. Category B visa nationals can secure a visa at a Nicaraguan consular post or on arrival at the Nicaraguan port of entry. Category C visa nationals must obtain a Consulted Visa from a Nicaraguan consular post with prior authorization from the Immigration Department of Nicaragua. These visas typically involve an extended processing time.

Foreign nationals who will engage in work or remunerated activities in Nicaragua for less than one year can obtain a Work Permit. The Work Permit’s validity usually corresponds to the length of time the foreign national will perform work activities in Nicaragua. Foreign nationals who will engage in work or remunerated activities in Nicaragua for more than one year, either hired by a company in Nicaragua or independent workers who wish to perform a paid activity in Nicaragua, must obtain Temporary Residence. Temporary Residence can be issued for up to one year, renewable for the period of the original issuance. After three years in Nicaragua, the foreign national may apply for a permanent resident status that can be issued for up to five years.

 

VAT

General

The standard rate of VAT in Nicaragua is 15.00%

Version History

October 3, 2021
Minimum wage raised to 4,414.91 NIO per month for the agriculture, forestry, and fishing industry and 9,880.17 NIO per month for construction, financial institutions, and insurance.

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