Overview

Capital
Hong Kong
Currency
Hong Kong Dollar (HKD)
Date Format
dd/mm/yyyy

COVID-19

Hong Kong’s minimum wage will be frozen at HK$37.50 an hour as the government cites a struggling economy amid the pandemic. 

Contributions

Employer

Employer Payroll Contributions

5.00%
Mandatory Provident Fund (MPF) (Maximum taxable income is 30,000.00 HKD)
1,500.00 HKD
For earnings over 30,001.00 HKD
5.00% + 1500.00 HKD Total Employment Cost
Employee

Employee Payroll Contributions

5.00%
Provident Fund (MPF) (Taxable income from 7,000.00 HKD to 30,000.00 HKD)
1,500.00 HKD
For earnings over 30,001.00 HKD
5.00% Total Employee Cost

Employee Income Tax

2.00%
Up to 50,000.00 HKD
6.00%
50,001.00 HKD - 100,000.00 HKD
10.00%
100,001.00 HKD - 150,000.00 HKD
14.00%
150,00.00 HKD - 200,000.00 HKD
17.00%
200,001.00 HKD and over
Employer Taxes
3 HIGHEST
3 LOWEST
Mexico
China
South Korea
Hong Kong
South Africa
Georgia
Macedonia
43.72%
40.92%
34.84%
5%
2%
2%
0%
Employee taxes
3 HIGHEST
3 LOWEST
Romania
Macedonia
Netherlands
Hong Kong
Belarus
Ukraine
Cambodia
35%
28%
27.65%
5%
1%
0.6%
0%

Minimum Wage

General

The hourly minimum wage is 37.50 HKD.

Minimum wage (per month)
$4000
$2663
$2518
$774
$36.80
$17.24
$2.33
Geneva
Luxembourg
Australia
Hong Kong
Angola
Tanzania
Venezuela
3 HIGHEST
3 LOWEST

Payroll

Payroll Cycle

The payroll cycle in Hong Kong is monthly, with payments usually being made on the last working day of the month.

13th Salary

In Hong Kong, it is customary to pay a 13th salary during the Lunar New Year or at the end of the year.

Working Hours

General

Working hours are typically 9 am to 6 pm between Monday and Friday. There are no legislative requirements on maximum working hours except for a young person in industrial settings. A young person is categorized as someone between the ages of 15 to 18. Work hours are limited to 8 a day between the hours of 7 am to 7 pm with a maximum of 48 hours per week.

Overtime

There are no laws on overtime pay, and this usually is stated in either the employment contract or collective bargaining agreements.

Leave

Paid Time Off

Employees who have been employed for at least 3 months are entitled to 7 days of paid annual leave. This increases by one day per additional year of employment until the annual leave reaches a maximum of 14 days on the 9th year of employment.

Vacation days
Public holidays
3 HIGHEST
3 LOWEST
Spain
Brazil
Tanzania
Hong Kong
Michigan
China
Federal
30
14
44
30
13
43
28
15
43
7
12
19
2
11
13
5
7
12
10
10
Public Holidays

All employees are entitled to statutory holidays. Most employers however extend entitlement to all general holidays. There are 12 statutory holidays and 5 general holidays.

Sick Days

Employees under a definite contract are entitled to paid sick leave. During the first 12 months of employment, employees are granted two paid sick days per month, increasing to four paid sick days per month after one year of service.

Sick pay is calculated based on the rate of 80% of the average daily earnings in the preceding 12-month period, prior to the first day of sickness. If the employee has been employed for less than 12 months, the calculation is based on the average earnings received since the employment start date.

Employees can accumulate sick days throughout their entire employment up to a maximum of 120 days at any given time.

Maternity Leave

A pregnant employee is entitled to 14 weeks of maternity leave, with the potential to increase to 18 weeks with complicated or multiple births if the employee has been employed under a continuous contract for not less than 40 weeks immediately before the commencement of scheduled maternity leave.  The maternity leave should commence between two and four weeks before the due date.

The employer pays the maternity payment based on a calculation of four-fifths of their average daily wages (from the past 12-month period up to a maximum of 80,000 HKD) and will be reimbursed by the Government.

PAID MATERNITY LEAVE (DAYS)
413
410
365
98
40
30
0
Norway
Bulgaria
Serbia
Hong Kong
Malawi
Tunisia
Federal
3 HIGHEST
3 LOWEST
Paternity Leave

New fathers are entitled to 5 days paid paternity leave if they have been employed under

continuous contract for not less than 40 weeks before the first day of paternity leave.

Pay is calculated as 80% of the average daily earnings in the preceding 12-month period, prior to the first day of paternity leave. If employed for less than 12 months, the calculation is based on the shorter period. The calculation must exclude non-working periods such as statutory holidays, annual leave, or sick leave.

Parental Leave

There is no statutory Parental leave in Hong Kong.

Termination

Termination Process

The termination process is standard in Hong Kong and is based on Labor Law requirements unless an employer can provide sufficient cause for dismissal without notice (due to misconduct, etc.)

Notice of termination must be in writing and sent to the relevant governmental authorities.

Notice Period

Notice periods within Hong Kong are generally 30 days, although employers can specify longer notice periods within the employment contract.

Severance Pay

In Hong Kong, severance pay is mandatory when applicable and is determined by the employee’s contract terms and length of service.  The employer must calculate the Severance pay per the Employment Ordinance (Cap. 57).  In general, provided that an employee has been employed under a continuous contract for a minimum period of two years and has not resigned or been summarily dismissed before termination, the employee will be entitled to statutory severance pay.

Statutory severance pay is calculated as two-thirds of the employee’s regular monthly salary rate or two-thirds of 22,500 HKD, whichever is less, for each year of service. The statutory severance payment is subject to a maximum sum of 390,000 HKD.

Probation Period

The probation period in Hong Kong for permanent employees is generally set at between one week and one month. However, it must be stipulated in the employment contract.

VISA

VISA

Foreign nationals normally require a visa before entering Hong Kong to take up employment. A local sponsor, usually the employing company, is required to support the employment visa application.

Under the existing immigration policy, a person seeking to enter Hong Kong for employment should possess a particular skill, knowledge, or value experience, which is not readily available in Hong Kong.

Applicants who wish to possess a working visa for Hong Kong need;

a graduate degree unless they are considerably experienced in a specialized field or relevant experience in the position they are applying for.

If the person’s spouse and dependent family also decide to relocate to Hong Kong, they will require dependent visas. A spouse entering Hong Kong on a dependent visa can now take up employment in Hong Kong and no longer requires a separate employment visa if they wish to work in Hong Kong.

VAT

General

The standard rate of VAT in Hong Kong is 0%.

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