The daily minimum wage in Ghana is 10.65 GHS. On January 1, 2020, this rate will increase to 11.82 GHS.
Paid Time Off
The mandatory number of paid vacation days is 15.
There are no clear labor laws regarding sick leave, except for that sick leave must be certified by a doctor and is independent of annual leave.
Maternity leave is 12 weeks, and in certain cases, this can be extended. After returning from maternity leave, a woman is entitled to one hour during the workday to nurse until the child reaches the age of one year old.
A regular work week in Ghana is 40 hours, or 8 hours a day.
Overtime hours are paid at the rate of 150% of the normal pay rate.
The payroll frequency in Ghana is monthly.
In Ghana, either the employee or employer is able to terminate the employment contract at any time. Termination must be given in writing.
If termination is deemed unfair, the employee can make a claim with the labor court and in some cases, have their employment re-instated. Reasons for unfair termination include:
- The employee intends to join a trade union
- If employee is pregnant or is absent due to maternity leave
- If the employee is terminated for reason of race or religion
- If the employee is disabled
- If the employee is forced to terminate due to inaction of the employer if the employee has lodged multiple harassment complaints.
Notice period in Ghana is as follows:
- If the employee is employed on a weekly basis, 7 days’ notice must be given
- If the employee has been employed for less than 3 years, 2 weeks’ notice must be given
- If the employee has been employed for more than 3 years, 1 months’ notice must be given.
It is possible to pay the employee in lieu of notice unless there is an “at will” clause in the employment contract. In this case, an employee can be terminated at the end of a working day with no notice.
In the event of an employee being terminated by the employer, the employer is not obliged to compensate the employee with severance pay.
If the company closes or merges and results in the employee losing their job, compensation can be negotiated.