0.74% - Parental Insurance
5.55% - Pension Contributions
1.25% - Employee Insurance
0.00% - Up to 15,012
15.00% - 15,012.01 - 43,790
20.00% - 43,790 - 87,575
24.00% - 887,575 - 106,555
25.75% - 106,555 and up
The minimum wage in Quebec is 12.50 CAD per hour. |As of May 1, 2020, the minimum wage will raise too 13.10 CAD per hour.
Paid Time Off
The annual leave year is May 1- April 30 unless otherwise agreed upon and varies depending on how long the employee has been employed. Additional compensation is also given to the employee:
Length of employment
Less than 1 year
1 day for every month of employment
Employees can take 2 days of paid leave per year if they have been employed for at least 3 months. If the sickness is for an extended period of time, the employee must notify the employer. If the reason for absence is repetitive, the employer can request documentation.
A woman is entitled to 18 consecutive weeks of unpaid maternity leave. It is up to the woman to decide how she splits up the maternity leave between before and after the birth, however, cannot be taken before 16 weeks till the due date. If the maternity leave starts on the date of the birth, the week the child is born is not calculated into the leave.
From the 6th week till the due date, the employer is entitled to request the employee provide a medical certificate stating that they are fit for work, and if the employee does not produce one within 8 days, the employer can force the employee to begin their maternity leave.
Fathers are entitled to 5 consecutive weeks of unpaid leave and can begin 1 week before the expected due date.
The employer must be notified at least 3 weeks prior to the beginning of the paternity leave, but this time can be shortened if the child arrives before the expected due date.
Each parent is entitled to up to 52 weeks or parental leave for a newborn or newly adopted child.
Parental leave can also be added to the maternity or paternity leave for a total of up to 70 consecutive weeks of leave.
Personal emergency leave: 10 days for personal illness, injury or medical emergency, or that of a family member.
Family medical leave: unpaid leave of up to 8 weeks in a 26 week period.
Work related injury leave: On the day of the accident, the employer is obligated to pay 100% of the regular salary and 90% for the first 14 days of work-related injury leave. From the 15th day onward, the Commission des normes, de l'équité, de la santé et de la sécurité du travail (CNESST) takes over payment to the employee at the rate of 90% of the net income.
If the employee was physically or psychologically injured, they may be entitled to additional compensation which is determined by age and severity of the injury.
In general, a full work week in Quebec is 40 hours. However, for some industries this varies:
Full work week
Forestry or sawmill
Remote area or James Bay Territory
Security + providing surveillance
Security + doesn't provide surveillance
Overtime is allowed up to 60 hours weekly which must be agreed to in writing in advance. Employers are required to provide at least 11 consecutive hours of rest and 24 consecutive non working hours weekly. Overtiem pay is paid for every hour after 44 hours weekly at a rate of at least 1.5 times regular wage rate.
15% standard rate.
Employers are required to contribute a total of 13.63% of workers wages to vacation pay, workers compensation, pension and other contributions. The minimum annual earnings used to calculate contributions are C$3,500. The maximum annual earnings used to calculate contributions are C$48,300. Earnings limit adjustment: Adjusted annually according to increases in the average industrial wage.
Notice period is dependent on length of employment. Employees of under 3 months dont require notice. From 3 months to 1 year, 1 week notice. From 1 year to less than 3 years, 2 weeks’ notice. 3 years to less than 4 years, 3 weeks’ notice. From 4 to 5 years, 4 weeks’ notice, and 1 week of additional notice time until 8 years in the company. From 8 years and on, 8 weeks only. Termination Pay can be made in lieu of either partial or full notice.
The payroll cycle can be weekly, bi-weekly, semi-monthly or monthly. The pay date varies depending on the payroll cycle, however, an employee must be paid at least once a month, and in Canada there are strict rules on paying employees on time.
In Quebec, the employer must give the employee a written notice of termination in the event of a termination or a layoff that lasts more than 6 months.
For fixed term contracts where the contract is expiring or if the task the employee was hired for is completed, there is no need to provide a notice of termination.
After the employment is terminated, the employer may be required to provide a work certificate. The work certificate has a specific list of information:
- Nature and duration of the employment
- Dates the employee was employed for
- Name and address of the employer
The notice period depends on how long the employee has been employed. If the employee has served less than 3 months or are being terminated on grounds of misconduct, then the employee is not required to provide notice.
Length of employment
3 months-1 year
It is also acceptable to pay the employee in lieu of notice.
In Quebec, there is no entitlement for severance pay.
If worker does not receive adequate notice of their termination (as described above), they are entitled to termination payment equal to payment worker would have otherwise been entitled to during notice period.